Are you looking for the best hydroponic system for peppers?
Then look no further! As you will get every information about growing peppers in a hydroponic system here.
What is hydroponic pepper?
Who doesn’t love peppers, right? The world definitely loves peppers. If you also think the same way, then planting peppers hydroponically is the best moves you can make like a gardener.
Generally, growing plants without soil are known as hydroponics. It might sound weird, but sometimes plants grow better in the hydroponic system than in the ground using soil.
Without any doubt, there will always be demand for peppers. So, you can take the chance and grow more pepper plants using a small space. I am telling you less space because you can modify the hydroponic system and fit the available system.
Since 1970 we are familiar with the term hydroponics, and people are using this system for growing plants for decades. There will always be supplies for hydroponics growers available if anyone wishes to try this for the first time.
You can compare conventional gardening or farming with hydroponics, and you will find out amazing results. In the traditional system, the number of crops depends on the amount of space you have, but in the hydroponics system, you can easily expand and give space to more plants.
Types of pepper hydroponics
You can use hydroponics to grow pepper at any time of the year. Additionally, you can also increase the pepper size and production by providing more nutrients and other things.
There are three types of pepper hydroponics. They are black pepper hydroponics, bell pepper hydroponics, and green pepper hydroponics.
You will also find a lot of varieties within these three pepper hydroponics, such as California Wonders, Vidi, Ace, Yolo Wonder, and more.
What is the best hydroponic system for peppers?
There are several hydroponic systems available. All those methods work well to grow black peppers, bell peppers, green peppers.
The thing is you have to think about the weight of the plant, especially when it is producing many good size peppers. Don’t forget to provide support for the plant to prevent tipping and breaking.
Before planting, you should research and find out the fruit size of the variety you are growing to produce. You should do this to make sure your system is set up and can hold the weight.
I did try almost all the hydroponic systems or methods to grow peppers. I found out that the best hydroponic system for peppers are –
- Deep culture water (DWC)
- Ebb & flow system and
- Drip hydroponics system
Deep Water Culture
You will use a nutrient solution to suspend the plant’s roots with a Deep Water Culture system. You can use an air stone or diffuser to provide air directly to the roots.
Generally, you have to place the plants in net pots, and a growing medium to help secure them. Since plants are sitting in nutrients and if you supply unlimited oxygen, then they will grow like crazy.
DWC works best for almost all plants, and it is perfect for pepper hydroponics. You won’t even realize how quickly the plant grows within this system.
Ebb and Flow System
This system is also familiar as a flood and drain system among many hydroponic gardeners. In Ebb and Flow System, you will place the plants in a large grow bed with the growing medium.
The grow bed will be full of the nutrient solution until it reaches a certain point. To prevent overflow, there will be a drain that allows the water only to get a few inches beneath the top of the growing medium.
There will be a timer to control the power to the water pump. The timing will be set before as to how much longer the pump is going to run. After that period, the timer shuts off the pump, and that allows the water to run back down through the pump, draining the growing bed fully.
You can also use an automatic drain to set up the Ebb and Flow hydroponic system, and it will not need a timer to set up the pump. Automatic drain helps you to flood and drain the system frequently and quickly and will increase the oxygen, nutrients, and growth.
This system works wonder for all types of plants, including peppers. I would recommend you to try Ebb and Flow hydroponics system to grow peppers.
Drip Hydroponics System
This system is easy to set up and use, and it is for those people who like to make changes a lot. In the Drip hydroponics system, the nutrient solution is pumped through tubes directly to the base of the plant.
There are drip emitters at the end of the tubes, which allows the nutrient solution to drip at an adjustable flow, saturating the growing medium. It can be both circulating and non-circulating system. Non-circulating means it will drip slowly to provide the plant with enough nutrients at a consistent rate. On the other hand, the circulating system drips more often with excess nutrients flowing into the reservoir.
The drip hydroponics system works well for a variety of plants. Also, it provides a good result for a variety of peppers.
How To Plant Hydroponic Peppers
The guideline will be more or less the same, and it doesn’t matter what types of pepper you want to plant because all peppers have almost the same nutrition and growth requirements.
1. Germinating seeds
You can germinate healthy pepper plants directly from viable seeds. You can cut and transplant them into your hydroponics setup. Before that, you have to grow a viable root system first, and you will need starter plugs to finish this work.
You need starter plugs for most of the hydroponics project. Hence, you should always have starter plugs in your house so that you can use it when you need to germinate seeds.
In the germination stage, you have to keep the grow tray at 26/27 degrees Celcius. So, I recommend you to get a heat mat; if not, you can still use an additional LED grow light to provide extra heat.
The germination stage is very critical, and if you get robust seedlings, then you will likely get mature plants in the future.
2. Cloning Peppers
Cloning peppers is a good idea if there is a nursery near your place. They will give you robust cultivars that bear fruit constantly.
Cloning is an easy process to get the exact same traits as the mother plant. I have had great success with cloning plants. You can use oxygenated water to increase the success rate of cloning, and I did the same.
By increasing the amount of dissolved oxygen and regulating its temperature, you can oxygenate the water.
3. Hydroponic Setup
The hydroponic setup you are using must provide enough support to the pepper plants once they start growing. You need excellent quality support to make sure the plants do not tip over once they are heavy with foliage and pods.
When there is too much weight, the pepper plants tend to break, and you wouldn’t want to waste mature stems because of pressure. Hence, the system has to be able to hold the weight.
Peppers plants pollination is easy. I don’t recommend experimenting with butterflies or bees. Instead of that, you should use the tip of a soft brush to help transfer pollen.
Just simply rub the flowers gently to release the pollen, and this is called hand pollination. This procedure will never emulate the effectiveness of bees or butterflies, but it will be sufficient for hydroponics setup.
What Is The Best Temperature for Hydroponic Peppers?
The pepper plants generally fare best if the ambient temperature of the system is 65 to 75-degree Fahrenheit. They need warm temperatures to thrive, and it would be best if you drop the temperature by 10 degrees at night.
It’s critical to maintain the ambient temperature because if it gets too hot, then the plant may drop their flowers instead of fruiting.
How Much Hydroponic Pepper Yield Per Plant?
Generally, hydroponic peppers yield is between 4 to 6 pounds (1.8 to 2.7 kg) per plant depending on the variety, and yield per plant is 20 to 39 peppers per plant depending on the variety.
How Much Space Between One to Another Hydroponic pepper?
Hydroponic peppers need a bit of space to grow, and spacing is critical to get better results. If you are planting hydroponic bell peppers, then you need to provide 18 to 24 inches between two plants.
On the contrary, if you want to plant a smaller chilli pepper plant, then the spacing requirement is 9 to 12 inches between plants.
How Much Light Do Hydroponic Peppers Need?
Typically pepper plants require a lot of sunlight to thrive. Hence, to get better results, your pepper plants should receive 14 to 18 hours of light per day and the remaining hours for the nighttime cycle.
Nighttime and daytime are equally crucial for peppers to grow because the plants undergo vital processes which take place only in the absence of light.
What Is The pH Level For Hydroponic Pepper?
The pH level should be around 5.5 to 6.5for hydroponic pepper plants.
How Much Time Hydroponic Peppers Take To Grow?
Generally, the germination stage of pepper plants takes 7 to 14 days (maximum). On average, it takes 50 to 80 days for pepper plants to be fully mature and ready for harvesting.
In this period, you will see vegetative and flowering growth, and pods will grow bigger and redder after each day. Don’t think too much, and just simply maintain the formula you have been using for your plants. If everything goes well with the first batch, then you can just clone this batch to get better results in the future.
How Can You Harvest Hydroponic Peppers?
Harvesting hydroponic peppers are not very tough. You just have to pick out the large, red pods, and that will do.
If you were looking for the best hydroponic system for peppers, then I think you got your answer in this article. If you did find it helpful or useful, then kindly help others to solve their problem too. You can do that by just simply sharing my article on social media channels.
You can also drop your thoughts or any questions in the comment section below.